Stress Incontinence

bladder-35What is Stress Incontinence?

Having urinary incontinence means you involuntarily pass urine because of a loss of bladder control, and has several causes.

Stress incontinence is just one of them.


Symptoms of Stress Incontinence
Stress incontinence is leakage of small amounts of urine that occurs during activities which increase abdominal pressure such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, exercising or lifting something heavy.
Causes of Stress Incontinence
It’s generally due to weakening or damaging of the muscles that are used to prevent urination, such as the pelvic floor muscles and the urethral sphincter, the valve that should hold back the flow until you choose to open it.


For a woman, stress incontinence is mostly caused by loss of support of the urethra – the tube that takes the urine from the bladder to exit the body – more often than not as a result of childbirth or because of damage to the strength of the pelvic floor muscles.


If the urethral sphincter (the ring of muscle that keeps the urethra closed) is damaged, perhaps by nerve damage during childbirth, sudden extra pressure on the bladder can cause urine to leak out.


After the menopause a lack of the hormone oestrogen can weaken the muscles in women. However, certain medications, obesity and advancing age can also be to blame for weakened pelvic floor muscles in both women and men.

Treatment, Management and Prevention of Stress Incontinence
Surgical options for patients not responding to pelvic floor muscle training include fascial sling procedure, colposuspension and urethral bulking agent injection.


Please read more information & on handling Stress Incontinence


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